“This cuttle-fish displayed its chameleon-like power both during the act of swimming and whilst remaining stationary at the bottom. I was much amused by the various arts to escape detection used by one individual, which seemed fully aware that I was watching it. Remaining for a time motionless, it would then stealthily advance an inch or two, like a cat after a mouse; sometimes changing its colour: it thus proceeded, till having gained a deeper part, it darted away, leaving a dusky train of ink to hide the hole into which it had crawled. While looking for marine animals, with my head about two feet above the rocky shore, I was more than once saluted by a jet of water, accompanied by a slight grating noise. At first I could not think what it was, but afterwards I found out that it was this cuttle-fish, which, though concealed in a hole, thus often led me to its discovery. That it possesses the power of ejecting water there is no doubt, and it appeared to me that it could certainly take good aim by directing the tube or siphon on the under side of its body.” —Journal of Researches (Beagle Voyage), Jan. 1832
A sequence of frames recorded during an attack of a squid on ROPOS! The ROV survived — barely, but the squid still lurks out there somewhere waiting for another opportunity to strike. (Depth: 371m) Photo sequence from 30 May 2012. Credit: CSSF/NEPTUNE Canada
Reposted from cephalpodday.org/about
Cephalopod Awareness Days
Welcome to the International Cephalopod Awareness Days (ICAD) Website, an annual celebration of the most intelligent invertebrates in the world.
- October 8 – Octopus Day, for all the eight-armed species
- October 9 – Nautilus Night, a time for all the lesser-known extant cephalopods
- October 10 – Squid Day/Cuttlefish Day, or Squittleday, covering the tentacular species
- October 11 – Kraken Day, for all the fantastical cephalopods of myth, movies, literature and legend. Cthulhu fthagn!
- October 12 – Fossil Day (to coincide with National Fossil Day), for all the incredible suckers that have gone extinct but left an impression with us.
What are Cephalopods?
Ceph-a-lo-pods are a group of exclusively marine mollusks that include squid, octopus and nautilus. They are closely related to snails, slugs and clams. They are characterized by well-developed eyes and sucker-bearing tentacles. The word is from the combination of the Greek kefale and pous, roughly meaning head feet. Some folks pronouce it sefalopod, others say kefalopod.
Why October 8?
Cephalopod Awareness Day was established in 2007 by members of TONMO, The Octopus News Magazine Online forum. While not (yet) an event proclaimed by any official governing body, Cephalopod Awareness Day was meant to bring attention to the diversity, conservation and biology of the world’s cephalopods. The date of October 8 was chosen as an auspicious occasion for appreciating animals with a combination of 8 or 10 appendages. Octopus have eight arms while squid and cuttlefish have eight arms and two tentacles. So the eighth day of the tenth month seemed like the best choice. But cephalopods are so awesome, four more days were added to the celebration (see above).
People are engrossed by the seeming “alien intelligence” of these marine invertebrates and their remarkable abilities. But despite our familiarity with them, both for food and fascination, remarkably little is know about even the most common species.
- Cephalopods are represented in the fossil record dating back 500 million years.
- There are about 800 species of living cephalopods known to science, with many more as yet to be discovered.
- Since ancient times, cephalopods have been a recurring motif in myth, arts and literature and they remain a subject of popular culture today.
- Cephalopod are an important fishery with catches steadily increasing over the last 30 years, from about 1 million metric tonnes in 1970 to more than 3 million tonnes in 2001.
- There are no species of cephalopod currently listed on the UN endangered species (with one, possibly mythic, exception). However, this is more a testament to how little we know about these animals than a true indication of their conservation needs.
In spite of the large number of studies and research carried out on cephalopods, especially in recent decades, the life history of the majority of species is still unknown, and our knowledge of the life cycles of the members of this interesting class remains fragmentary. Information comes from studies in the field as well as from observations in the laboratory. However, little is known of life history for species that are not targets of regular fisheries, and only a handful of cephalopod species have been reared successfully in the laboratory.
From, Cephalopods of the World, a free UN FAO illustrated fact sheet on nearly every living cephalopod.
What You Can Do
- Celebrate cephalopods online. Use the hashtag #cephdays on all your ICAD posts, tweets and photos.
- Visit TONMO, the premiere online for cephalopod enthusiasts everywhere
- Here are some blog ideas: cephalopod biology, your favorite octopus species, cephalopod recipes (hey, it happens!), music inspired by cephalopods, mythological cephalopods, cephalopods featured in games and gaming, cephalopod tattoos, squid toys, your favorite cartoon.
- Follow @CephalopodDay on Twitter.
- Submit your post to the Cephalopod Day Tumblr.
- Add the Cephalopod Awareness Day web banner to your site: